The alpine chalet gets its inspiration from mountain architecture in Switzerland, Germany, and Austria. Architects in the United States love to draw elements from those European towns to imbue into dwellings in local towns, especially those towns that host skiing activities. When designed with an architect’s careful eye, those homes carry the charm of the traditional alpine chalet.
Below are some of the characteristic elements that go into such luxurious abodes.
Timber framing is one of the oldest styles of framing. Builders use heavy timbers instead of slender dimensional lumber to frame the house. A unique characteristic of timber frames is the way they’re joined. Builders use a system of mortises and tenons. A mortise is a recess cut in the timber end, while a tenon is the projecting part. Builders fit the ends together and secure them with pegs.
Builders could cover up the heavy timbers with drywall and dropped ceilings. However, the heavy timbers are part of the rustic nature that help make alpine chalets charming. Indeed, wood features heavily in the façade and interior of alpine chalets. As part of the timber framing, architects incorporate pitched roofs to prevent an overload of snow accumulation.
A strong characteristic of the mountain chalet is its peaked roof, or the gable. A gabled roof features two sloping sides that meet in a peaked ridge. When you look at the roof from the front, you see the characteristic triangular shape.
In an alpine chalet, the roof extends significantly over the wall. That extension is known as the eaves, and they’re wider than usual on mountain chalets. The purpose of that extension is to further impart structural integrity across the roof’s span, especially when it’s covered in snow.
Builders usually leave the soffit, or the area under the eaves, exposed so you can see those heavy timbers. The roof itself is traditionally covered in wooden shingles. Modern homeowners often opt for wood-look shingles to minimize on the upkeep.
With exposed timber framing and heavy usage of wood, alpine chalets could easily look like rustic log cabins. However, they’re usually on a grander scale than your average log cabin. Two to two and a half stories is traditional.
When you look at the façade of an alpine chalet, you usually see a balcony. It might extend across the entire width of the house. Conversely, you might see multiple balconies. They often feature distinctive railings, traditionally of wood.
When you walk into an alpine chalet, you should expect to see vaulted ceilings under those peaked roofs. The goal is an expansive ambience in the interior. Additionally, the builders typically leave the support beams exposed here too.
Architects often incorporate a mezzanine level in the interior, which is where that half story comes in. The mezzanine level will also feature a wooden railing. The interior railing is often more ornate than the ones you find outside.
Some architects leave their alpine chalet designs simple. However, besides size, ornamentation distinguishes the alpine chalet from a simple cabin. The exteriors and interiors are often heavily ornamented.
Starting across the end of the eaves, where you’d traditionally see fascia, builders attach bargeboard. Instead of the tidy finish fascia offers, bargeboards feature ornamentation such as carving, scrolls, or incisions.
Another area for ornamentation both inside and out is at the exposed end of the rafters. Artisans can carve them with pretty details, such as fish scales or diamonds. Builders can also get the look by attaching carved medallions to the rafter ends.
Corbels, the brackets that support other decorative elements, can also be highly ornamental in alpine chalices. Carved wood is traditional. You find corbels both inside and outside.
An alpine chalet should transport you to the Swiss Alps, even if it’s in a mountain town a quick drive from your home. Consider the architectural style for your mountain getaway. When you’re ready to discuss the details of your vacation home, contact Stillwater Architecture.